There are basically two types of storage in a data center, disk storage and tape storage. Tape storage has been around for over fifty years. Currently, the most popular format is LTO tape that holds up to 30TB on a LTO-8 tape. While tape was originally designed to load computer programs, Tape is now most commonly used for backup. There is no other storage media that holds as much data as tape, and tape also delivers the lowest cost per GB. An additional fact that makes tape desirable is because tape is removable and portable. Although disk storage is popular for backup, tape is still used for many reasons.
Often, the backup is initially made to disk, and then moved to the tape at a pre-determined time. This is partly because of LTO tape reliability, but also because you can write somewhere around 100 times more data on tape than disk. Disk backup is faster, can be accessed more quickly, both making disk backup a good choice for initial backup, however.
Disks are stored in rack units or in shelf modules. Tape may be stored off-site and they (tapes) have the smallest footprint. Both entail specific temperature and humidity requirements that ensure the longevity of archiving—the specifications should be followed—don’t store in a greenhouse. Specifications include redundant power and dedicated cooling equipment that doesn’t shut down at the end of the normal office hours, and an engine generator to protect IT functions from extended power outages.
The US Department of Energy reports there are three million data centers across US urban and rural areas. More than 90% of servers are housed in data centers owned or leased by small to medium size businesses. Less than 10% of servers are located in large data centers. Rack yield is the number of racks that can fit within a compute space, normally set to be 25 sq.ft. to allow aisle and perimeter space around the server room.
According to the US Chamber of Commerce, the capital and operating expenditures of data centers up front investment for the initial construction includes land purchase, shell construction, and equipment installation. Annual operating costs to run data centers consist of power, staff, taxes, maintenance, and other administration costs. After the build, data centers have annual expenditures for power, staffing, taxes, maintenance, administrative costs, and more. The Chamber of Commerce estimates that annual expenditure for the operation of a data center accounts for 8.6% of initial capital expenditures, 39.5% of that percentage, though, is on administration, maintenance, ‘and others’ not to include power, staffing, real estate tax, and insurance.
ISC Group specializes in maintenance, and repair services of post-warranty data storage systems. Including disk arrays, tape libraries, and Hitachi VSP support. (877) 472-8273